Flora and Fauna
Sardinia’s animal and plant world is truly fascinating: deer, rare birds and one of Europe’s last herds of wild horses roam free amongst the fragrant, colourful vegetation. National parks and protected areas preserve this natural wealth.
Sardinia’s flora and fauna: Rare animals and fragrant maquisSardinia’s animal and plant world is truly fascinating: deer, rare birds and one of Europe’s last herds of wild horses roam free amongst the fragrant, colourful vegetation. National parks and protected areas preserve this natural wealth.
The island’s secluded location is of particular importance for the natural population of birds and animals. Nature dominates the landscape, not humans. Even the increasing tourism in recent years has not disturbed this balance. With increasing awareness and the centuries-old Sardinian philosophy of living in harmony with nature, an environmental consciousness has emerged in recent years that is unparalleled anywhere else in the Mediterranean.
FaunaIn order to preserve its unique habitats, Sardinia created several nature reserves, including the huge Gennargentu National Park. Wild boars, wild cats, Sardinian deer, falcons and golden eagles, mouflon, red kites, black vultures and bearded vultures live in the forests full of cork oak, holly, alder and yew trees. The plateaus are home to one of the last herds of wild horses that exist in Europe today. Along the coast, many fascinating bird species have settled – for example, in the many stagni (lagoons near the beach), pink flamingos can be seen parading around. On the island, the birds are affectionately known as sa gente arrubia (the pink people).
Sardinia's fascinating underwater world is best seen in the protected marine areas. Around the Maddalena archipelago in the north and Capo Carbonara in the south, those with a little luck might spot some dolphins – and even endangered monk seals can be seen from time to time.